Looking for an easy indoor plant that’s fun to grow? Try growing Chlorophytum Comosum. Follow these tips for spider plant care.
Spider plants are popular houseplants that are so easy to grow, you don’t need a green thumb to care for them. In fact, spider plant care is simple to do. The plant can handle a range of light conditions, clean the air we breathe and is pretty resilient too making them no-fail to grow.
Spider plants propagate with ease so you can grow your own stock or make a great gift for friends and family. They are a great addition to any houseplant collection and I highly recommend growing one if you are new to indoor gardening or think you kill things.
I’ve had my spider plant for at least 10 years now. And since growing them, I’ve created lots of new plants from that one mother plant.
And because they are so easy to care for? I maintain them in several spaces throughout our home.
Want to learn more?
Wait until you see how easy spider plants are to grow and care for.
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About Spider Plants
Spider Plants (Chlorophytum Comosum) are popular, easy-to-grow, and low-maintenance indoor plants. It is named for its long, spider-like leaves that grow from the plant’s center.
Mature spider plants produce small white or yellow flowers on long stems and offsets (baby spider plants) that can be rooted to create new spider plants.
It is well known for its air-purifying properties because it absorbs chemicals including formaldehyde, xylene, benzene, and carbon monoxide.
How to Grow Spider Plant
While spider plant care is relatively simple to do, here are some tips to keep in mind so you grow a healthy spider plant for years to come.
The foliage is really long and elegant. A mature plant might grow 36″ tall and 20″ wide (including the container) so give them room to grow inside. And I recommend using a plant stand or hang them with macrame pot holders because of the foliage length and allowing space for the babies to grow.
It’s a moderate to fast-growing indoor plant depending on the growing conditions. I bring mine outdoors to summer in New Jersey every season and it puts on the most growth during its summer vacation.
Spider plants are really adaptable as far as their light requirements are concerned. In general, they prefer medium to bright indirect sunlight. But avoid direct sunlight which can scorch the leaves.
South-facing windows are a good spot to maintain them. I grew my spider plants in front of our south-facing windows for years.
Just make sure it’s not a hot window where the foliage will scorch. I live in New Jersey where we get a range of seasons and temperatures.
In our former home, I kept mine in south-facing windows during fall (after the first frost) until I moved it outside to summer outdoors.
In our current home, they are maintained in the sunroom which is on the north side of our home. Since there are large windows on 3 sides of the plant room, they are doing quite well and look pretty good even during winter dormancy.
I’ll move them outside to the back porch when all danger of frost has passed. And my spider plants will get a lot of healthy growth during their summer vacation.
Water spider plants regularly, but allow the water to drain out. It’s important to let them dry out between waterings too so the soil doesn’t become waterlogged.
When spider plants are overwatered, they are more susceptible to pest and disease problems, so instead of watering on the same day every week, check the soil before watering.
Before watering, check 1-2″ down into the soil. If it’s dry, it’s time to water. To determine whether the soil is dry you can either use your finger, a plastic knife, popsicle stick, or a moisture meter like this one.
Use well-draining potting soil and ensure adequate drainage by using a container with a drainage hole.
Fertilize during the growing season (spring and summer) with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer like this. It is a set-and-forget approach to fertilizing that makes it much easier to feed them.
Stop fertilizing in the fall and allow the plant to go dormant during the winter months.
Overfertilizing spider plants may decrease the number of spiderettes. And too much fertilizer may cause the foliage tips to brown.
Spider plants prefer temperatures between 60-75°F (15-24°C), and can tolerate lower temperatures but not below 50°F (10°C).
This is important to know in case you bring your plants outdoors for summer vacation. I start bringing my houseplants back inside when the temperatures start to dip below 50 overnight (or sooner).
Spider plants prefer moderate humidity but can adapt to a range of conditions.
During winter months when humidity is low, you can bump it up using a humidifier or grouping several houseplants together to create a more humid microclimate.
They grow best and produce more spider babies when slightly pot-bound. Because they grow quickly and the roots can easily become too crowded, spider plants require frequent repotting.
So it’s a good idea, to repot every 2-3 years or as needed in a new container to provide adequate space for the roots to grow.
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5 Benefits of Growing Spider Plants
If you are interested in expanding your houseplant collection with more easy-care plants, look no further than the spider plant.
Here are 5 reasons you should grow them.
Spider Plants Help Purify the Air
Studies have shown that spider plants purify the air we breathe by absorbing chemicals like formaldehyde, xylene, benzene, and carbon monoxide, making them a great choice for improving indoor air quality.
And since they are easy to propagate too, one plant goes a long way because, through the years, you can add to your collection without spending a dime.
Low Maintenance Indoor Plant
Spider plant care is easy to do as the plant can handle a variety of indoor growing conditions. And because they are easy to grow, they are a great choice for beginners, those who think they kill plants or those with busier schedules.
Spider plants are very versatile too. They can be grown in pots, hanging baskets, or as ground cover (depending on where you live), making them a great option for any indoor or outdoor space.
Easy to Propagate
Spider plants produce offsets or baby spider plants, that can be easily rooted to create new plants, making them a great choice for gardeners who want to expand their collection.
Because they propagate with ease, they are a great budget-friendly way to grow your indoor plant collection. And they make a great gift idea for birthdays or the holidays, even if the recipient lacks a green thumb.
Spider plants have an incredible aesthetic appeal that can’t be rivaled. With their long, lush leaves and delicate white or yellow flowers, spider plants are a stylish and attractive addition to any indoor or outdoor space.
Pest and Disease Problems
Spider plants are generally easy to care for and are not prone to many pest and disease problems. Under or overwatering, mealy bugs, and spider mites cause the most problems.
As far as pest problems go, whiteflies, spider mites, scales, and aphids are the most common. In all the years I’ve grown mine, I’ve not had any of these issues. Avoid overwatering and pot plants in a soilless medium or well-draining potting soil.
Foliage tip burn is a common problem that can happen for a few reasons:
- Low humidity
- Excessively dry soil
- Salt accumulation
- Too much fluoride or chlorine in tap water
For best results, use distilled water or rainwater to help prevent brown tips. And keep in mind that overwatering or not using well draining soil can lead to root rot.
Spider Plant Propagation Methods
Spider plants are easy to propagate, and there are several methods you can use to expand your collection.
If you are new to propagating plants, the spider plant is an easy one to get your feet wet on.
Propagation by Baby Plants
Spider plants produce small plantlets called spiderettes which can be easily propagated by potting them up and giving them time to root.
And to me, this is the easiest way to propagate spider plants.
I’ve propagated several spider plants this way, and it couldn’t be easier to do.
Baby Spider Plant Propagation Directions
Here’s what you need to do.
- Look for offsets, or small spider plant babies, growing from mature plants and gently remove them with a sharp, clean knife or scissors.
- Fill a small pot with well-draining soil and plant the offset, making sure to cover the roots and the cut end.
- Water the offset thoroughly and place it in a bright, warm location, in indirect light.
- Water well but allow it to dry out between waterings.
In a few weeks, new growth should emerge and roots should establish. You’ll know the plant is rooted when you give a gentle tug and feel some resistance.
Propagation by Stolon Method
Set the mother plant next to a smaller container filled with well-draining potting soil. Find a baby spiderette and plant it in the adjacent smaller container until it roots.
Maintain the moisture but don’t waterlog the baby plant. After the plant roots, cut the stem from the mother plant.
Spider Plant Propagation by Water
Similar to propagating the baby plants directly in the soil, you can also drop them in a mason jar of water until they root and plant them after.
Baby plants can be grown in water for a while, but you’ll need to keep the water clean by changing it out once a week.
Water Propagation Method Directions
While there are a few different methods for propagating, growing a spider plant in water is another easy way to expand your spider plant collection.
Propagating spider plants using the water method develops the plant roots first before planting them in soil.
Here’s how to do it.
- Fill a mason jar or vase with fresh clean water. But give it about an hour for the water to come to room temperature and dechlorinate before dropping your baby spider plant in.
- Cut a healthy and mature spider plant stem that has a spiderette with a pair of scissors or garden snips. Leave a few inches of the stolon.
- Drop the spiderette in the jar but don’t allow any leaves to sit in the water.
- Move the jar with your new spider plant to a location with indirect sunlight.
- Change the water when it gets murky and give it some time for roots to form. When you have a good grouping of roots, remove the new spider plant from the water.
- When the roots are about 2-3 inches long, you can transfer the spider plant to a pot with an indoor potting mix that is well-draining. Gently remove the stem from the water and plant it in well-drained soil, covering the roots completely.
- Water the soil and keep it in bright indirect sunlight.
Over time, the new spider plant will start to grow and produce new shoots and leaves within a few weeks.
Propagation by Division
This method involves dividing the mother plant into several smaller plants.
Carefully remove the plant from its pot and gently separate the roots into smaller sections, making sure each section has some leaves and roots. Repot the divided sections into their own pots with fresh potting soil that is well draining and water regularly.
Because other propagation methods are much easier and less messy, I suggest only doing it this way when you are repotting the plant and making a mess anyway.
More About Spider Plants
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