(This post was written in collaboration with Worx but all thoughts and opinions are my own.) Learn how to build a birdhouse for your backyard birds with this easy DIY guide. Step-by-step instructions and tips for a perfect bird home!

Building a birdhouse is a rewarding and enjoyable project that brings a touch of nature to your backyard while providing a safe haven for your feathered friends.

Whether you’re an experienced DIY enthusiast or a beginner looking to try your hand at woodworking, this guide will walk you through the process of creating a birdhouse from scratch.

With step-by-step instructions, tips on selecting the right materials, and advice on attracting various bird species, you’ll have everything you need to build a cozy and inviting home for birds. Let’s get started and make your backyard a welcoming sanctuary for your local wildlife!

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A small wooden DIY birdhouse with a copper-colored roof sits atop a post. It has a circular entrance hole above a short perch. The background features various green plants and foliage, slightly out of focus.

With my expansive gardens, birds love to nest in my window boxes, trees, shrubs, and other decor items. I even have a few decorative birdhouses that they nest in yearly. It’s so fun to watch them move in and grow their families.

And it’s just the sweetest thing when you hear the babies tweet as the mom flies in and out to feed them. Because we enjoy watching the birds, we want to add more opportunities for them to nest in my cottage gardens.

So we started making birdhouses this year. And today, I’m sharing one of the ways that we make them.

Birdhouse Construction Using the Worx Maker X

We finally got building a birdhouse down to a science with the help of the Worx Maker X. What I love most about this tool is the versatility and how light it is! It is a great finishing tool that is so easy to use.

The Worx Maker X has lots of cool accessories that include a rotary tool, angle grinder, flat disc wheel for sanding and contouring, woodburning/soldering accessory, and an airbrush tool.

How cool is that?

And it even accepts accessories from other major brands. What makes it so easy to work with is how lightweight it is. The Worx Maker X is a battery-operated tool where the battery is remote.

Because it doesn’t weigh down your hand while working, you can create wood and craft projects with more precision and accuracy. We loved working with it on the birdhouse because we were able to quickly and easily sand all the rough edges, as well as smooth out the entry hole with more precision and accuracy.

Because we don’t want the birds to get hurt on the rough wood right?

A set of Worx MakerX portable tools is displayed on a marble countertop, perfect for your next DIY birdhouse project. The collection includes a rotary tool, angle grinder, airbrush tool, and various accessories. A black MakerX tool bag, wooden model, ruler, and charger are also visible in the background.

How to Build a Birdhouse For Backyard Birds

Before making a birdhouse, I suggest you research how to design it. Because how you design a house, is based on the type of bird you want to attract.

Check out this article from Wood Magazine to get some specifics. We found it very helpful when we first got started building birdhouses.

Essential Supplies For Building a Birdhouse

A close-up shot of a miter saw in the process of cutting a piece of wood for a DIY birdhouse. The saw blade is partially visible, and the wood is positioned against the saw's fence, ready for a straight cut. A vehicle and some greenery are in the blurred background.

Step-by-Step Instructions for Building a Birdhouse

Pick what size bird you want to attract for nesting. Research and determine the right size opening and interior dimensions.

Measuring and Cutting the Wood for Your Birdhouse

Measure the wood for the sides, roof, and bottom. (These dimensions are nominal). For this birdhouse, the interior size is 6″x 6″x 6″ with a roof.

Cut wood according to size with a compound miter saw. We cut the side walls 6″x 6″, the front and back walls were cut 8″w x 12″h with a 45-degree angle 6″ up the sides. The roof pieces were cut 11″x 6″ and 11″ x 7″.

One side needs to be slightly larger than the other so they can be nailed together. And keep in mind that the roof needs to overhang the front by 2″. The floor was cut 6″x 6″. We then drilled a 1″ hole about 6″ from the bottom using a 1″ wood spade bit.

A person holds an unfinished wooden birdhouse with a slanted roof and a round entrance hole. The DIY birdhouse is placed on a table with various woodworking tools and materials in the background, set outdoors on a sunny day.

Assembling Your Birdhouse

Nail the walls with 1 1/4″ nails to the floor. Attach the walls on the outside of the floor so when water drips down the side of the roof, it doesn’t get into the seam of the birdhouse flooring. This will help keep moisture from rotting out the birdhouse.

On one of the side walls, only use two nails at the top. This will be the hinge to open the house to clean it out in the future.

Build the roof by attaching the pieces with the 1 1/4″ nails.

Adding Drainage Holes For Better Ventilation

We drilled small drainage holes with the Worx Maker X so moisture does not accumulate in the bottom of the birdhouse. With the Worx drill bit.

Close-up of a person using a rotary tool to make a hole in a piece of wood, as part of their DIY birdhouse project. The individual is wearing a red long-sleeve shirt and a gold wedding ring on their left hand. Sunlight illuminates the workspace, revealing sawdust and partially completed wooden projects.
A person wearing a burgundy long-sleeve shirt using a black MAKERX engraving tool to engrave a piece of light-colored wood for a DIY birdhouse. The workspace features other woodworking materials, a MAKERX bag, and bright natural light.

Smoothing Rough Edges for a Polished Finish

Clean up the birdhouse with Worx Maker X Cordless Angle Grinder Tool so there are no sharp edges and sand the edges as needed.

The Worx Maker X was great for this part of the project because we were able to sand down all the rough edges of the birdhouse making a beveled edge.

And it was SO much easier sanding down the entry hole with the Worx Maker X Rotary Tool. Because it was smaller and lighter, we were able to finish it with more accuracy and precision.

A person is using a circular saw to cut a piece of wood for their DIY birdhouse. The wood is held steady by the person's hands, who is wearing a light-colored shirt. In the background, various woodworking materials are scattered about.
A person wearing a long-sleeved maroon shirt is drilling a hole into a piece of light wood, seemingly following a "how to build a birdhouse" guide. Wearing a wedding ring on their left hand, they work amid sawdust and other wooden pieces on the table, creating their DIY birdhouse.

Painting, Sealing, and Protecting Your Birdhouse

Paint and then seal the piece with clear a clear exterior topcoat. Because we wanted to try out the Worx Maker X Air Brushing tool, we airbrushed the sides with white airbrush paint.

It was really easy to use and clean. While we wanted to keep this birdhouse pretty basic in appearance, the next one is totally getting tricked out with a fun ombre finish.

A person wearing a red long-sleeve shirt holds an airbrush and a small wooden birdhouse. The person appears to be painting or detailing the DIY birdhouse. Sunlight illuminates the scene, highlighting the unfinished wood and the person's hands.

Adding a Perch For Your Birdhouse

Cut a small dowel using a compound miter saw down to size for the perch. Drill a hole to fit the dowel then attach.

Birdhouse Design Tips: Adding Your Birdhouse to a Post

If you are adding the birdhouse to a post, pre-drill and screw the birdhouse base onto the post after painting. We had a post from an old birdhouse laying around so we attached the new birdhouse to that old post.

Attach the roof with 1 1/4″ nails after attaching to a post. If the birdhouse is for decoration only, just attach the roof.

A wooden birdhouse on a white post is situated in a lush garden with various green shrubs and blooming flowers, including pink hydrangeas, in the background. The DIY birdhouse is simple with a sloped gray roof and a circular entry hole, providing inspiration for those wondering how to build a birdhouse.

Optional Step: Adding a Copper Flashing Roof

Cut and fold copper flashing according to roof size, but a little bigger. Then fold onto the shape of the roof. Bent it to shape then used the 3/4 wire in nails to fasten. Made cuts with a utility knife. Use 3/4″ nails to tack copper in place.

I’m really glad we added that copper roof. I love how it looks with my limelight hydrangea blooms!

A wooden birdhouse with a slanted roof is mounted on a post amidst lush greenery. Surrounding the DIY birdhouse are various plants, including a bush with pink flowers and other foliage, creating a serene garden scene.

FAQs About Building a Birdhouse

What is the best type of wood to use for building a birdhouse?

The best types of wood for building birdhouses are untreated cedar or pine. These woods are durable, resist decay, and provide good insulation against heat and cold. Avoid using treated lumber as the chemicals can be harmful to birds​ (Bob Vila)​​ (Farm Food Family)​.

What size should the entrance hole be for a birdhouse?

The size of the entrance hole depends on the species of birds you want to attract. For example:

  • Bluebirds: 1.5 inches in diameter
  • Wrens: 1 to 1.25 inches in diameter
  • Chickadees: 1.25 inches in diameter
  • Sparrows: 1.5 inches in diameter Ensure the entrance hole is appropriately sized to keep predators out and make the birdhouse appealing to the target species​ (Bob Vila)​​ (Birdful)​.

Where should I place my birdhouse?

Placement varies depending on the bird species. Generally, birdhouses should be mounted on a pole or tree trunk at a height of 4-10 feet above the ground. They should be located in a sheltered spot, away from strong winds and direct sunlight, and in an area with low ground cover to help birds spot predators. Please see​ Farm Food Family and Woodie’s for more information.

Do birdhouses need ventilation and drainage holes?

Yes, birdhouses should have ventilation holes near the top to allow for air circulation and drainage holes at the bottom to prevent water from accumulating inside. This helps keep the nest dry and comfortable for the birds. See​ Bob Vila and Woodie’s for more information.

How often should I clean my birdhouse?

It is recommended to clean your birdhouse after each nesting season. Remove old nests and debris to prevent the spread of parasites and diseases, and to make the birdhouse inviting for new tenants in the next season​

A white DIY birdhouse with a wooden roof is mounted on a post amidst a colorful garden. Surrounding the birdhouse are blooming pink hydrangeas, a tall dark-leaved plant, and trees with autumn foliage in the background.

Final Thoughts on Building a Wooden Birdhouse

Building a birdhouse is not only a fun and rewarding DIY project, but it also provides a safe and cozy home for your backyard birds. By following this comprehensive guide and using the essential supplies, you can create a birdhouse that will attract various bird species and enhance your outdoor space. Remember to use durable materials like untreated cedar or pine, and ensure your birdhouse has proper ventilation and drainage holes for better bird health.

When constructing your birdhouse, pay attention to the size of the entrance hole to match the specific needs of your target bird species, such as bluebirds or wrens. Place your birdhouse in a sheltered location, away from direct sunlight and strong winds, and at an appropriate height to keep it safe from predators.

Regularly cleaning your birdhouse after each nesting season will help maintain a healthy environment for new bird families. With the right care and maintenance, your birdhouse will become a cherished part of your backyard, bringing joy and a touch of nature to your daily life.

Start your DIY birdhouse project today and enjoy the delightful presence of birds in your garden. Happy birdhouse building!

If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions, please let me know in the comments below. I’d love to hear! And feel free to share this post with anyone you think would find it helpful too.

Thanks for stopping by the blog today!

Enjoy your day! xoxo

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A close-up of a person using a power drill to create a hole in a wooden piece, with the title "DIY BIRDHOUSE" displayed over the image. The website "stacyling.com" is shown at the top and bottom of the image.
A white DIY birdhouse with a wooden roof is mounted on a post in a lush garden surrounded by various plants and trees. The background shows autumn foliage. Text at the bottom reads "HOW TO BUILD A BIRDHOUSE" and the website URL "stacyling.com" is visible.

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  1. This is the cutest!! I think it will be a good winter project for me to try. Your hydrangeas were beautiful at the end of the season too!

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